Displaying items by tag: Natural disasters

The Cyclone Preparedness Programme (CPP) in Bangladesh is a good example of an efficient cyclone preparedness, warning dissemination and response system. The CPP is a collaboration between the Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief and the Bangladesh Red Crescent Society. It was established in 1972 by the Red Cross two years after a super cyclone that killed around half a million people. The CPP became a government programme in July 1973. The Standing Orders on Disaster of 2010, the National Plan for Disaster Management 2010–2015 and the National Disaster Management Act of 2012 guide disaster management in Bangladesh. These major…
Affordable housing experts have long argued that housing is ‘both the stock of dwelling units (a noun) and the process by which that stock is created and maintained (a verb)’.[1] They have also advocated for ‘supporting’ rather than ‘providing’ approaches: enabling families to upgrade their own housing situation through improved access to and management of land, finance, services, materials, skills and labour rather than the provision of completed houses.[2] Over 30 years after Ian Davis described shelter after disaster as ‘a process, not as an object’,[3] process- oriented approaches to post-disaster housing are still rarely implemented on the ground.[4] From…
The humanitarian response to Typhoon Haiyan demonstrated that the concept of accountability to affected people (AAP) is firmly established on the agenda of humanitarian agencies.[1] It also showed that agencies could still benefit from better practical ways to achieve it in practice. Within the first month of the response, a number of major initiatives had been launched, including establishing an IASC AAP Coordinator position, building accountability activities into the work plan of the Humanitarian Coordinator and individual agencies deploying specialist staff and developing accountability activities. The operating context in the Philippines created genuine opportunities for enhancing accountability to affected people.…
The Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC)’s Task Team on Accountability to Affected Populations (AAP) aims to promote a system-wide ‘culture of accountability’ within humanitarian organisations. A systems approach to AAP – including Prevention of Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (PSEA) – should, in theory, increase the impact of individual agency efforts, offer resource efficiencies and provide more coherent and accountable services to the people the system seeks to assist. The declaration of a Level 3 emergency in the Philippines in late 2013 presented an opportunity to test this theory in practice. Following the declaration, an AAP coordinator was deployed (the first such…
Typhoon Haiyan (known locally as Yolanda) made landfall in the Philippines on 8 November 2013. Just over a year on, this article reflects on what the World Health Organisation (WHO) – the co-lead for the health cluster alongside the Philippines Department of Health (DoH) – has learnt, how these lessons have influenced the response over time and what this means for responses to health emergencies in the future. The article is based on internal information from WHO’s own work, though it is hoped that the main findings will also be useful to other agencies. Responding to multiple disasters The first…
Typhoon Haiyan made landfall on 8 November 2013, cementing the position of the Philippines as one of the countries most at risk from natural hazards. Within days of the disaster the Emergency Relief Coordinator formally activated a system-wide level 3 (L3) response – a designation marking the highest level of humanitarian crisis. In responding to the needs of 14 million affected people, the Haiyan response became the first large-scale relief effort for a sudden-onset disaster since the Inter-Agency Standing Committee protocols under the Transformative Agenda were adopted, setting the parameters for improved collective action in humanitarian emergencies. Scaling up Accompanying…
Rose-May Guignard continues our blog series on Haiti, five years after the earthquake. She muses on ideas, or misconceptions, about resilience, issues around urban planning and the tension between immediate response and long term plans to rebuild Haiti and the darker side of the aid system. As the sun sets this afternoon, on the porch of the Oloffson Hotel in Port-au-Prince there is a retrospective photo exhibition to mark the fifth anniversary of the earthquake, and other commemorations. The Oloffson is quieter these days. Gone are the throngs of hipster NGO-ers coming in for the end-of-day rum sour. Local newspapers…
Continuing our blog series marking the 5th anniversary of the Haiti Earthquake, HPG's Simon Levine reflects on the lack of long-term evaluations and calls for the need to understand what impact humanitarian aid had on Haiti years later. There are many reasons for marking the anniversaries of disasters. Survivors and the relatives of those killed often find comfort in creating a public moment for sharing the thoughts and grief that are normally carried around privately, but it is not for the humanitarian community (fleeting, and perhaps even peripheral, visitors) to encroach on that occasion. For us, the humanitarian community, an…
We are pleased to invite you to submit abstracts to the Disaster, Conflict and Social Crisis Research Network (DCSCRN) at the 12th Conference of the European Sociological Association 2015, which will be held in Prague from Tuesday 25th August to Friday 28th August. The purpose of ESA RN08 Disaster, Conflict and Social Crisis Research Network (DCSCRN) is to promote the study, research and analysis of natural, technological and social disasters with a view to contributing to the development of disaster-resilient European communities and preventing or mitigating the human, economic, social, cultural and psychological effects of disasters. A number of questions…
2015 Theme: Opportunity, Mobility and Sustainability: The Humanitarian Aid and Development Perspectives Held under the patronage of H.H. Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice-President, Prime Minister of United Arab Emirates, Ruler of Dubai, supported by Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum Humanitarian and Charity Est., the United Nations, the UAE Red Crescent Authority, International Humanitarian City, Dubai Cares and the Organisation of Islamic Conference. INDEX will host the 12th Dubai International Humanitarian Aid & Development Conference & Exhibition – DIHAD – 2015. This unique event will take place from the 24 – 26 March 2015 at the Dubai International Convention &…
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