ISSUE 55 September 2012
Humanitarian Exchange Magazine
The crisis in the Sahel
© © UNHCR/H. Caux
The special feature of this issue of Humanitarian Exchange focuses on the humanitarian crisis in the Sahel region of Africa, where aid agencies estimate that more than 18 million people are affected by food insecurity. It is available to download in English and French.
- In the lead article Peter Gubbels argues that the main cause of this crisis is not drought or a food shortage but a ‘resilience deficit’ which has left vulnerable people unprotected against shocks like rain failure and exceptionally high food prices. Northern Mali has been hit doubly hard by a poor harvest in 2011, followed by political unrest and violence in 2012.
- In his article, Jean-Nicolas Marti explains how the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is working to improve access to people in need in northern Mali by promoting acceptance of humanitarian principles among belligerents there.
- Authors Amanda Farrant and Jeff Woodke explain how NGOs are helping communities to build resilience in Burkina Faso and Niger
- Nanthilde Kamara, Madeleine Evrard Diakite, Emily Henderson and Camilla Knox-Peebles look at Emergency Market Mapping Analysis (EMMA) in Chad.
- Zahairou Mamane Sani, Andrea Stewart and Caroline Draveny illustrate the benefits of coordinated needs assessments in Niger
- Ousmane Niang, Véronique Mistycki and Soukeynatou Fall review the impact of social safety nets in promoting behaviour change.
- Finally, Jessica Saulle, Nicola Hypher and Nick Martlew highlight the ways in which Household Economy Analysis can improve social protection programming.
Articles in the policy and practice section focus on:
- ‘humanitarian space’ in India and Burma
- lessons learned from a multi-agency IDP Vulnerability Assessment and Profiling (IVAP) project in Pakistan
- experiences of training and supporting ‘Skilled Volunteers’ in Bangladesh
- progress in the implementation of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex-inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction policies and protocols in Nepal.
- We end the issue in East Africa with articles discussing the results of a programme monitoring cash and voucher transfers in Somalia and a Transparency International study examining corruption in food assistance in the 2011 drought response in Kenya.
Featured in this issue
- The crisis in the Sahel
- A new drumbeat for the Sahel
- Addressing the critical humanitarian situation in northern Mali
- Building resilience in the Sahel: lessons from Masboré
- Cash transfers and vulnerability in Niger
- Integrating market assessments and response: Emergency Market Mapping and Analysis in Chad during the 2012 Sahel food crisis
- Coordinated needs assessments: the value of a collaborative process
- The impact of safety nets on the resilience of vulnerable households in Niger
- Using the Household Economy Approach to inform social protection programming in the Sahel
Practice & Policy Notes
- Humanitarian space in India: why humanitarian agencies do not respond adequately to needs generated by internal armed conflict
- Redefining humanitarian space: the Kachin IDP crisis in Myanmar
- IDP Vulnerability Assessment and Profiling (IVAP) in Pakistan: a report and appraisal
- ‘Skilled Volunteers’: an innovative approach to disaster management
- Making disaster risk reduction and relief programmes LGBTIinclusive: examples from Nepal
- Monitoring results of the Somalia cash and voucher transfer programme: Phase I
- Kenya’s 2011 drought response: corruption risks in food assistance programmes
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